Skip to Content

Parmesan Cheese vs Mozzarella Cheese (Complete Comparison)

Cheese makes everything better. Whether you’re putting it on a pizza, a hamburger, or just eating a piece on its own, cheese is one of life’s most comforting foods. Two of the most popular cheeses on the market are parmesan and mozzarella.

Parmesan Cheese vs Mozzarella Cheese

What makes these two cheeses so special? Is one better than the other? These are questions that I am going to answer in this article.

I am going to do a side-by-side comparison of parmesan and mozzarella cheese to see how they compare when it comes to ingredients, calories, fat, protein, sodium, and even how they taste.

Ingredients Comparison

The ingredients in both parmesan and mozzarella are similar when both kinds of cheese are in block form. Shredded cheese will often have added ingredients, such as anti-caking ingredients, that are used to prevent the cheese shreds from sticking to each other and also to extend the shelf life.

For this comparison, I will only be comparing block parmesan cheese and mozzarella cheese. Block cheeses tend to have fewer ingredients added to them and they are also easier to find.

The main difference between these two kinds of cheese is how they are made. Parmesan cheese is made with cultures and mozzarella cheese is made with vinegar.

Cheese cultures are specific strands of good bacteria that bind the cheese together and give it a richer flavor. Vinegar, on the hand, curdles the milk, separating it from the whey and removing water from the curds. This gives mozzarella that supple, soft texture and taste.

Parmesan Ingredients

Mozzarella Ingredients

Pasteurized part skim milk, cultures, salt, enzymes

Pasteurized milk, vinegar, enzymes, salt

Parmesan Cheese vs Mozzarella Cheese Nutritional Comparison

Now that we know what the ingredients are in parmesan and mozzarella cheese, we next want to examine the nutritional content of each one. For the rest of this comparison, I will be comparing Boar’s Head Block Parmesan cheese and BelGioioso fresh mozzarella.

The comparison will be based on a single, 28-gram serving as well as a 100-gram serving.

Best for Calorie Content

Let’s first start this comparison with calorie content. Parmesan and mozzarella cheese are both fairly low in calories but Parmesan cheese does contain more calories than mozzarella cheese.

Cheese Type

Calories Per 28g Serving

Calories Per 100g Serving

Parmesan Cheese

120 kcal

400 kcal

Mozzarella Cheese

70 kcal

250 kcal

Best for Carbs & Sugar Content

Mozzarella Cheese with grater

Parmesan and mozzarella have zero sugar content. When comparing the amount of carbohydrates, though, you have to look closely at the serving size.

A single 28-gram serving of Mozzarella cheese contains 1 gram of carbs and parmesan has zero carbs. However, when the comparison is based on a 100-gram serving, Parmesan has 20 grams of carbs compared to mozzarella’s 3.57 grams.

Cheese Type

Carbs Per 28g Serving

Carbs Per 100g Serving

Parmesan Cheese



Mozzarella Cheese



Best for Protein Content

One of the reasons why cheese is such a popular food is because of its high protein content.

Parmesan and mozzarella are no exception. But in this comparison, parmesan cheese has more protein per serving than mozzarella cheese. A 100-gram serving of parmesan cheese has 20 grams of protein while mozzarella has almost 18 grams.

Cheese Type

Protein Per 28g Serving

Protein Per 100g Serving

Parmesan Cheese



Mozzarella Cheese



Best for Fat Content

Cheese may be good if you are wanting a high-protein food but it also comes with some disadvantages. Fat content is one of them. Both parmesan and mozzarella cheese are high in fat but they also both contain high amounts of unhealthy saturated fat.

Saturated fats are dangerous to the heart and blood vessels. Eating foods that contain saturated fats can put you at risk for heart disease, stroke, and high blood pressure. Cheese has some health benefits, but it should be consumed in moderation.

Comparing the fat content of both kinds of cheese involves looking closely at the serving size.

Mozzarella has less saturated fat in a 28-gram serving but has a higher amount in a 100-gram serving.

Cheese Type

Fat Content Per 28g

Saturated Fat Per 28g

Fat Content Per 100g

Saturated Fat Per 100g

Parmesan Cheese





Mozzarella Cheese





Best for Sodium/Salt Content

The sodium/salt content of both kinds of cheese is another area where close examination is needed. Just as consuming too much saturated fat is dangerous to our health, so is consuming foods that are high in sodium/salt.

If you are someone who needs to monitor your sodium/salt intake, mozzarella cheese is the right choice for you. Mozzarella cheese is low in sodium, having only 85 mg per 28-gram serving.

Cheese Type

Sodium/Salt Per 28g Serving

Sodium/Salt Per 100g Serving

Parmesan Cheese

340 mg

1100 mg

Mozzarella Cheese

85 mg

304 mg

Best for Vitamins/Minerals

There is one mineral that cheese is well-known for having – calcium. Calcium is such a vital mineral to every human.

We need it for strong bones and muscles. Women, in particular, need adequate amounts of calcium in their daily diet to help offset the effects of osteoporosis as we get older. Parmesan cheese is a good source of calcium. A serving of parmesan cheese contains between 500 and 1200 mg of calcium.

Cheese Type

Calcium Per 28g Serving

Calcium Per 100g Serving

Parmesan Cheese

500 mg

1200 mg

Mozzarella Cheese

160 mg

286 mg

Best for Flavor/Texture

Parmesan and mozzarella cheese vary greatly when it comes to flavor and texture but each one has endless possibilities.

Parmesan cheese is a firm cheese. It is easy to grate or cut with a knife. It also has a nutty flavor. I like to grate parmesan cheese over spaghetti or use it when I make meatballs.

Mozzarella, on the other hand, is a very soft cheese. You can grate it but it is difficult and requires some patience. Mozzarella has a milky taste. I use it on our pizzas or melt it over an open-faced tuna sandwich.

Best for Price

Price is one area where these two kinds of cheese vary greatly. In some stores, parmesan that is not greeted is considered a specialty cheese. It is often found in the deli section of your grocer but, depending on where you live, it may be hard to come by.

Mozzarella, on the other hand, is easy to find. You can find it in the deli section or with the other block cheeses.

I did not find that the price for either parmesan or mozzarella varied greatly. I was able to purchase an 8-ounce block of parmesan for $7, the same price as an 8-ounce block of fresh mozzarella.

Which do you prefer?

Overall Winner

After comparing parmesan and mozzarella side-by-side, it is not difficult to see why both of these cheeses are popular. But in this comparison, the winner is….Mozzarella cheese.

Both parmesan and mozzarella are good choices when it comes to protein and calcium content. the two things we love cheese for. They are also both delicious and affordable. But mozzarella cheese has fewer calories, has fewer carbs, and is lower in fat and sodium.

Comparison Category

Winner (Parmesan or Mozzarella)

Best in Calorie Content


Best in Carb Content


Best in Protein Content


Best in Fat Content


Best in Sodium/Salt Content


Best in Calcium Content


Best for Price

Both are winners

Overall winner


Related Articles

Wheaties vs Special K (Complete Comparison)

Peanut Butter vs Almond Butter (Complete Comparison)

Multigrain Cheerios vs Honey Nut Cheerios (Complete Comparison)

Sardines vs Mackerel (Complete Comparison)

Cauliflower Rice vs White Rice (Complete Comparison)